# LOS SONORS 23 Exitosrar

LOS SONORS 23 Exitosrar

10:41 PM on January 27, 2020. MATH & SCIENCE A-Z.
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Los Sonors Exitos.rar

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Los Sonores Exitos.rar

Los Sonors Exitos.rar

Category:Ezlyn Fernandes albums
Category:2004 albumsQ:

What is the difference between HTK and HMM?

I was wondering, what’s the difference between HTK and HMM? Are they just the same? Or am I wrong?
Thanks

A:

Maybe a bit too broad, but not exactly…
HMM stands for Hidden Markov Model and was introduced by Rabiner, Jelinek and Ffrench in a seminal paper (Rabiner 1979, The Problem of Speech Recognition in the Presence of Speaker Variation and Noise). They describe a language model and recommend it as an alternative to the Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) algorithm.
HMM can be defined as a Markov Model, i.e. a system modeled as a set of states and transitions between them. In the context of speech recognition, it can be thought of as a model, where each state encodes a hidden hypothesis of what the listener is going to say. Hidden states are called a posteriori because you are not aware of them, but only what the system emits.
The transition probability from one hidden state to another is represented by the emission probability, which can be computed as the normalized sum of the probability of what happened so far and what the listener heard, weighted with the probability of transitioning to that state.
Let’s see some pseudo-code, to give you an idea:
k = 0
p(toState | state, e) = p(e | state)p(toState)
p(e | state) = coef
p(toState) = [sum(p(e | state)]

Therefore, for each state, you want to calculate the probability of the utterance given the current state, the probability of this state and given the current utterance, and the probability of transitioning to a new state. This is a computationally intractable problem, therefore a better approach is to approximate it.
Fortunately, the HMM allows to https://thecraftcurators.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/amrilynd.pdf

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Can anyone help me out here?

A:

I don’t know why, but the file was corrupted. It was re-uploaded by the original uploader but there was no new info added. So in order to have this question re-opened, I’m re-posting it here to make it visible to people who are checking their list of questions.
EDIT:
As per this comment, it seems that the second owner of the file has added the correct info and the question can be re-opened.

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